Summer Reading Series: Originals

By August 23, 2016March 30th, 2020Book Reviews, Summer Reading Series

51qo9POttyL._SX329_BO1,204,203,200_Have a groundbreaking idea that you want to introduce? My caution to clients: don’t be a bull in a china closet when trying to communicate an original concept. Attempting to push your ideas through without strategic positioning usually results in strong resistance that can risk your reputation, relationships and perhaps your career.

As Disney Filmmaker Rob Minkoff advises: “The goal is to push the envelope, not tear the envelope.”

What can you do to craft your message, gain acceptance of your vision and drive change? In his book, Originals: How Non-Conformists Move the World, Adam Grant offers inspiration to change the world with powerful strategies to disrupt the status quo and champion new ideas.

3 Strategies for Presenting an Original Idea

Here are 3 highlights that resonated with me, as they validated my experiences coaching clients for high-stakes presentations.

  1. Use Status Rather Than Power to Drive Change 

Let’s face it: championing something new takes courage. What if you speak up and no one wants to hear what you have to say? According to Grant, one way to encourage people to hear you and be open to your idea is to build your status, which he defines as earning the respect and admiration of your audience. That’s different than relying on a position of power.

Power is the ‘ole “my way or the highway” mentality- exercising control and authority over others. And we all know that people respond to power only when obligated to do so. That’s why power doesn’t influence attitudes or change behavior; the authority figure can’t always be watching. Instead, try winning the respect of others by listening to their point of view.

The most successful catalysts for change, such as Martin Luther King and more recently, Sheryl Sandberg or the co-founders of Warby Parker (Neil Blumenthal and Dave Gilboa) made a habit of socializing their ideas … gathering diverse opinions and gaining support from stakeholders.

In Originals, Grant illustrates this type of buy-in with the story of Carmen Medina, an ambitious CIA analyst who championed the then-groundbreaking idea of using the Internet to share data. At first, pushing her plan without the necessary status almost cost Carmen her career. But when she learned to use a collaborative approach to gain the respect of her peers and superiors she was able to achieve her vision.

Professionally Speaking Tip: Before you present your idea, do your homework. Listen and learn from your audience, and encourage dissent. That not only builds your status, but shows you the common ground where people can open their minds and hear your message.

Learn more: Finding Common Ground with your Audience

  1. Strategically Procrastinate

One of the things I loved about Grant’s book was how he busted myths and coined new terms for common situations we’ve all experienced. “Strategic procrastination” is a prime example.

You probably did a double-take when you read this heading. Would I really recommend procrastination? I certainly don’t recommend putting off preparing for your presentation! The key word here is “strategic.” It’s about being open to the idea that presents itself in the moment, after you’ve carefully crafted your content and know where you’re going.

Do you find yourself revising your presentation the night before, or even in the moment on stage, when your ideas gel and you’re inspired with the right phrasing or anecdotes? I know I do. Grant calls this “strategic procrastination” and it’s a hallmark of original thinkers.

Did you know that although MLK thoroughly practiced his “I Have a Dream” speech, he improvised liberally? Here’s one line he extended at the podium to emphasize racial equality: “a promise that all men – yes, black men as well as white men – would be guaranteed their unalienable rights.” Strategic procrastination at its best.

Professionally Speaking Tip: Remember, developing a talk is an iterative process. The key is to allow for strategic procrastination, giving yourself the time to think through what you want to say and how you want to say it. The better prepared you are, the greater your ability to adjust in the moment and respond to the emotions and needs of your listeners.

  1. Use Optimism or Pessimism for Managing Emotions

Movers and shapers inspire strong emotions not only in their audience, but in themselves. As Grant points out in Originals, while catalysts for change can come across as beacons of conviction and confidence, they often face inner turmoil, doubt and even outright fear about the outcome.

Why not use that fear to your advantage? Grant calls this “defensive pessimism,” and in my experience, it’s an effective strategy for handling the emotional drama that comes with going against the grain. The defensive pessimist expects the worst and imagines every catastrophic thing that can possibly go wrong. That intense anxiety can be transformed into a powerful motivator for preparing strategies that allow you to succeed.

Another common emotional response of original thinkers is what Grant calls “strategic optimism.” Unlike the pessimist, the strategic optimist expects everything to go her way. When you firmly believe that you will reach your goals, use that drive to set the highest expectations for yourself. Then prepare accordingly to ensure the results you’re after.

Professionally Speaking Tip: Are you an optimist or a pessimist? Either way, you can use those pre-presentation ruminations to help you succeed. Evidence shows that defensive pessimists and strategic optimists perform equally well. Practice a prime-time ritual before you step up to speak to boost your confidence and improve your delivery.

Learn more:

7 Tips to Combat Speech Anxiety

In Originals, Grant describes a concept he calls “vuja de:” facing something familiar, but seeing it with a fresh perspective. That’s exactly what I did upon reading Grant’s book: gained a new perspective and insight about effective strategies for presenting groundbreaking ideas.

Summer Reading Series

Originals by Adam Grant is the third and final book in the Professionally Speaking 2016 summer reading series. Below are discussion questions we invited participants to consider while reading. Please share your thoughts about the book or concepts discussed in this post.

Discussion questions:

  1. What, according to Grant, is the difference between creativity and originality? Where would you place yourself on the “creativeoriginal” spectrum?
  2. If Grant is right, that many originals never act on their ideas, what holds them back? Any personal experience in that area?
  3. Grant talks about “defensive optimism” as a form of motivation.  Can you imagine when defensive optimism may be effective in your life?
  4. Grant provides various examples of original individuals. Whose story do you find most interesting or most impressive?


Please share your thoughts by scrolling down to the comments section below. I’m looking forward to the original insights you have to share!

Join the discussion 2 Comments

  • Stephanie Scotti says:

    Dear Gail,
    Like you I was most struck by the concepts of strategic procrastination and defensive pessimism. This book continues to “stick” with me and challenge me. What a great question, what does Adam Grant see as his most original contribution to life. He has been following the book series on SM, I will reach out to him and see if he will comment. Thank yo for your reflections and participation in our Summer Reading Series. Hope you will join again in 2017.

  • Gail Morgan says:

    The content of this book was very different than I had anticipated by its title. It brought a totally different perspective to being original. The thought that permeated most with me was “Being original doesn’t require being first. It just means being different and better.” I loved the idea of strategic procrastination!

    Personally I think it is more common for people to avoid challenges they think may result in failure as opposed to using the defensive pessimism to propel them forward in thoughts and actions. Of course, as with all situations there are exceptions…like the ex-spouse who determines they will be successful regardless of the challenges their former spouse has left them and they soar to greater heights in spite of them.

    Although there were countless examples of original people/ideas/behaviors, I would be interested to know, excluding this book, what Grant claims to be his most original contribution in life.